Cutting Machine Basics: What You Need To Know To Get Started

We’re back to basics in this article, answering the question ‘What is a cutting machine?’ Because no, it is not only my nickname when I’m out trimming the hedge. There are always those who are just becoming interested in cutting machines for vinyl (or for any number of other craft activities) and so this article is for them.

 

 

 

The Basics

 

In many ways, cutting machines are similar to a printer (they certainly look alike!). However, instead of putting ink onto a page, they hold a blade, a scoring stylus or a pen. They cut, score or draw onto a variety of different surfaces.

 

Like a printer, these machines are usually controlled with a computer through which you send the design input to the cutting machine which proceeds to perform the task. The Brother Scan N Cut 2 is one machine that can be used without a computer.

 

Stahls’ vinyl cutter buying guide video:

 

 

What Can They Be Used To Cut?

 

You would probably be surprised by how many different things these machines can cut, score, etch or draw on – there are literally hundreds of items!

 

As they apply to t-shirt design and heat transfer creation, these machines can:

 

  • Cut all types of heat transfer vinyl, such as glitter, flocked, or something like regular Siser EasyWeed
  • Be used to cut out individual designs on all types of transfer paper
  • Be used to create your own rhinestone transfers
  • Cut fabric based heat transfers

 

Besides these options for your heat transfers, here and here are links to lists of surfaces you can cut with electronic craft cutting machines.

 

Common Design Usage For T-Shirts

 

Here are some of the most common uses of these machines in t-shirt design:

 

  • As a cutting machine for vinyl decals
  • As a cutting machine for vinyl letters and numbers
  • As cutting machines for vinyl monograms

 

The most common of these uses is for cutting vinyl for lettering and numbers. How many cool t-shirts do you see out there with words or quotes in a funky font? They seem to be everywhere at the moment! I especially love them on baby onesies.  

 

The Range Of Craft & Hobby Cutting Machines

 

If you are reading this introductory article on cutting machines, it probably means you’ll be looking to buy one of the entry-level models. There are three very popular brands of entry-level or craft cutting machines. Let’s take a brief look at those.

 

Silhouette Cutting Machines

 

Silhouette is arguably the most popular brand of craft and hobby cutting machine. Their machines perform well and are suitable for cutting a wide range of materials. The Silhouette Cameo is one of their latest and most popular machines.

 

 

Cricut Cutting Machines

 

Cricut are another manufacturer of quality craft cutters. Their machines are (in my opinion) more elegant than the Silhouette models, and rival them in performance. We have an extensive article on the Cricut Explore Air 2, an excellent machine to start with. Cricut have also recently released a new, more advanced (and more expensive) machine called the Cricut Maker which has made crafters salivate the world over.

 

 

Brother Cutting Machines

 

Brother’s machines are probably not quite as well known or prestigious, but they certainly deserve a mention none-the-less. The Scan N Cut 2 is their latest offering, and we have written a complete review of that machine here. This machine is unique in that it also contains a scanner, a function that has many cool applications.

 

 

USCutter Cutter Plotter Machines

 

USCutter sell a number of cheap wider format cutting machines. Their machines are more specifically for the t-shirt designer or sign-writer, but I do know of many home crafters that have been blessed with one of these beauties.

 

One of their most popular models is the MH 34 inch cutting machine. The vinyl that comes with this machine is no good for heat transfer onto t-shirts etc. It comes with sign vinyl. The other negative with this machine is that it is not compatible with Mac computers.

 

They also have many other cutting machines for sale on Amazon or on their website. They also have cutting machine bundles which come with a heat press machine and heat transfer (sign) vinyl.

 

Expensive Cutting Machines

 

If you were thinking of starting a thriving and busy t-shirt business, then there are more expensive and better machines available. The most gourmet cutting machine brand is probably Graphtec. They have a range of options starting at about $1000 and going well over $6000.  

 

You would really only splash out on a machine like this if you were somehow assured of earnings with a steady stream of orders. There is a bit more of a learning curve when beginning, as opposed to the comparably cheap craft cutters, but these machines are certainly of a better quality.

 

Other Cutting Machine Resources

 

 

Conclusion

 

If you’re new to cutting machines, do not fear. There are so many free resources online to help you get started. It might take a bit of time to familiarize yourself with your machine, but with practice anyone can become an expert.

 

If you’re also thinking of purchasing a heat press, you must also check out our list of the 5 best 15 x 15 machines! We’ve done the hard work for you.

 

(Please note: This post contains affiliate links. Read our full disclosure policy here.)

 

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